A crash course on CBD & The Endocannabinoid System
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is among the most abundant of all the cannabinoids. It’s found in all varieties of cannabis, dominating the makeup of hemp plants.
Studies have shown that cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, unlike THC. Therefore, consuming CBD will never cause a high or temporarily inhibit cognitive functions. This makes CBD an appealing option for anyone looking to incorporate the balancing effects of cannabinoids without having to experience the fuzziness of a high.
Cannabinoids are active chemical compounds found naturally in the seeds, stalk and flowers of cannabis plants.
Phytocannabinoids, a term used to describe cannabinoids derived from plants, are able to interact with our body’s natural systems. Because their makeups and behaviors mimic endocannabinoids.
Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are made on demand by our own bodies.
Our ECS (Endocannabinoid System) is a biological system composed of endocannbinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors like a lock and key. Both phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids join with our influence cannabinoid receptors throughout the body to alter the release of neurotransmitters and encourage homeostasis. These cannabinoid receptors play a massive role in pain, memory, mood and appetite regulation.
Our body has two main receptors, Known as CB1 and CB2.
CB1: The CB1 receptors are primarily found on nerve cells in the brain, and also the bones, heart, liver, lungs, kidney and both male and female reproductive organs. Within the body, the CB1 receptors’ primary job is to help regulate memory, sleep, appetite, and pain sensation. When the CB1 receptors are exposed to phytocannabinoids, they start to react and thus elevate the positive responses of the body’s CB1 receptors.
CB2: the CB2 receptors are found throughout the body’s immune system, with significant presence in your spleen as well as your bones, heart, lungs, and liver.
When CB2 receptors are activated, they stimulate a response that fights inflammation, which in turn reduces pain and minimizes damage to tissues.